“constitutional provisions provide equivalent protection for a defendant’s right to a speedy trial.” State ex rel. McKee v. Riley, 240 S.W.3d 725, 729 (Mo. 2007). The “right to a speedy trial is an important right that the courts of this state are duty-bound to honor.” Id. at 731. See Barker v. Wingo, 407 U.S. 514, 515 (1972) (describing the right to a speedy trial as “fundamental”) (citing Kloper v. North Carolina, 386 U.S. 213 (1967)).
The right “exists primarily to protect an individual’s liberty interest,” and one of its objectives is “to shorten the disruption of life caused by arrest and the presence of unresolved criminal charges.” McKee, 240 S.W.3d at 728 (United States v. Gouveia, 467 U.S. 180, 190 (1984)). “A criminal defendant’s right to a speedy trial guarantees that the state will move quickly to assure the defendant of the early and proper disposition of crimes with which he is charged.” State v. Smith, 849 S.W.2d 209, 213 (Mo.App. E.D.1993).
Title I of the Speedy Trial Act of 1974, 88 Stat. 2080, as amended August 2, 1979, 93 Stat. 328, is set forth in 18 U.S.C. §§ 3161-3174 states “Trial must commence within 70 days from the date the information or indictment was filed, or from the date the defendant appears before an officer of the court in which the charge is pending, whichever is later. 18 U.S.C. § 3161(c)(1)”
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